Details of the English

Details of the English Syllabus

Speaking skills:

Improving speaking skills involves practice, confidence-building, and refining various aspects of communication. Here are some tips to enhance your speaking abilities:

1. Practice Regularly:

The more you speak, the more confident and fluent you become. Practice speaking in front of a mirror or record yourself to identify areas for improvement.

2. Vocabulary Enhancement:

Expand your vocabulary to articulate ideas effectively. Read extensively and learn new words to express yourself more precisely.

3. Work on Pronunciation: 

Focus on clear pronunciation. Listen to native speakers, use pronunciation guides, and practice difficult sounds.

4. Organize Your Thoughts:

 Before speaking, organize your ideas. Create an outline or structure to present your thoughts coherently.

5. Seek Feedback: 

Ask for constructive feedback from friends, teachers, or mentors. Identify specific areas to work on and keep refining your skills.

6. Join Public Speaking Groups:

Participate in speaking clubs or groups like Toastmasters where you can practice in a supportive environment and receive valuable feedback.

7. Control Pace and Tone: 

Speak at a moderate pace, vary your tone, and emphasize key points to keep your audience engaged.

8. Manage Nervousness: 

Practice relaxation techniques to manage nervousness. Deep breathing or visualization exercises can help calm nerves before speaking.

9. Be a Good Listener:

Listening improves speaking. Pay attention to how others articulate their thoughts and adopt good practices from them.

10. Engage with Diverse Audiences:

Speak to different audiences to adapt your communication style accordingly. Flexibility is key to effective communication.

Remember, becoming an excellent speaker takes time and effort. Consistent practice and a willingness to learn from both successes and mistakes will steadily improve your speaking skills.

Reading skills

Improving your reading skills can greatly enhance comprehension and overall learning. Here are some tips to enhance your reading abilities:

1. **Set Clear Goals:**¬

Determine why you’re reading a particular piece. Are you seeking information, entertainment, or studying for a specific purpose? This will guide your approach.

2. **Active Engagement:**¬

Engage with the text actively. Ask questions, make predictions, and connect what you’re reading to your prior knowledge or experiences.

3. **Expand Vocabulary:**¬

Look up unfamiliar words to broaden your vocabulary. Use context clues or a dictionary to understand their meanings and usage.

4. **Practice Skimming and Scanning:**¬

Skim to get the main idea quickly, and scan for specific details. These techniques are helpful for research or finding particular information within a text.

5. **Note-taking:**¬

Take notes as you read. Summarize key points, highlight important information, or jot down questions that arise. This aids in better retention and understanding.

6. **Improve Speed and Comprehension:**¬

Gradually increase your reading speed while maintaining comprehension. Speed-reading techniques, like reading groups of words instead of single words, can help.

7. **Read Widely:**¬

Explore various genres, subjects, and formats (books, articles, essays, etc.). Reading diverse materials enhances both knowledge and comprehension.

8. **Practice Regularly:**¬

Like any skill, consistent practice is crucial. Set aside time daily for reading to make it a habit.

9. **Use Technology Wisely:**¬

Utilize apps or tools that aid reading comprehension, such as speed-reading apps, language learning platforms, or online dictionaries.

10. **Review and Reflect:**¬

After finishing a text, take a moment to review what you’ve read. Reflect on the main ideas and how they relate to your existing knowledge.

Remember, improving reading skills takes time and patience. Start with manageable goals and gradually challenge yourself. By incorporating these tips into your routine, you’ll likely notice significant improvements in your reading comprehension and speed.

Writing skills:

Improving your writing skills involves practice, refinement, and a willingness to learn. Here are some tips to enhance your writing abilities:

1. **Read Widely:**¬

Reading exposes you to different writing styles, vocabulary, and structures. Explore various genres and authors to understand different writing techniques.

2. **Practice Regularly:**¬

Set aside time for writing every day. Whether it’s journaling, creative writing, or even short exercises, consistent practice is key to improvement.

3. **Focus on Structure and Organization:**¬

Plan your writing before you begin. Create outlines to organize your thoughts and ensure a logical flow in your writing.

4. **Work on Clarity and Conciseness:**¬

Be clear and concise in your writing. Avoid unnecessary words and convoluted sentences. Aim for clarity without sacrificing depth.

5. **Expand Vocabulary:**¬

Use a diverse range of words to express ideas more precisely. Keep a thesaurus handy to find alternative words and avoid repetition.

6. **Edit and Revise:**¬

Always revise your work. Check for grammar, punctuation, and spelling errors. Editing helps refine your writing and make it more polished.

7. **Seek Feedback:**¬

Ask for feedback from peers, teachers, or writing groups. Constructive criticism can help identify areas for improvement.

8. **Find Your Voice:**¬

Develop your unique writing style. Experiment with different tones, perspectives, and narrative voices until you find what feels most natural to you.

9. **Learn Grammar and Style:**¬

Brush up on grammar rules and study different writing styles (e.g., APA, MLA, creative writing styles). Understanding these basics will strengthen your writing.

10. **Read Aloud:**¬

Reading your work aloud helps identify awkward phrasing, unclear sentences, or areas where the flow can be improved.

Remember, becoming a skilled writer takes time and dedication. Don’t be afraid to experiment and make mistakes; they’re part of the learning process. Keep practicing, seek feedback, and continuously strive to refine your writing skills.

Listening skills:

Improving your listening skills is fundamental for effective communication. Here are some strategies to enhance your ability to listen attentively:

1. **Focus on Active Listening:**¬

Pay full attention to the speaker. Maintain eye contact, avoid distractions, and show genuine interest in what they’re saying.

2. **Avoid Interrupting:**¬

Allow the speaker to finish before responding or asking questions. Interrupting can disrupt the flow of conversation and hinder understanding.

3. **Practice Empathy:**¬

Try to understand the speaker’s perspective and emotions. Empathy helps you connect with the speaker’s message on a deeper level.

4. **Ask Clarifying Questions:**¬

If something is unclear, ask questions for clarification. This shows that you’re engaged and interested in fully understanding the speaker’s message.

5. **Paraphrase and Summarize:**¬

After the speaker has finished, summarize or paraphrase what they’ve said. This not only confirms your understanding but also shows the speaker that you were actively listening.

6. **Be Open-Minded:**¬

Avoid jumping to conclusions or forming judgments prematurely. Keep an open mind to fully comprehend the speaker’s point of view.

7. **Practice Patience:**¬

Sometimes, speakers may take time to express their thoughts. Be patient and give them the space they need to communicate effectively.

8. **Eliminate Distractions:**¬

Minimize external distractions like noise or interruptions that can impede your ability to listen effectively.

9. **Develop Nonverbal Listening Skills:**¬

Pay attention to the speaker’s body language, tone of voice, and facial expressions. They often convey additional information beyond the spoken words.

10. **Reflect on Your Listening Habits:**¬

Regularly assess your listening skills. Identify areas for improvement and actively work on enhancing those aspects.

Improving listening skills takes practice and mindfulness. By consciously implementing these strategies, you can become a more attentive and empathetic listener, fostering better communication and understanding in various situations.

Grammar:

  • Parts of Speech
  • Nouns
  • Pronouns
  • Adjectives
  • Adverbs
  • Prepositions
  • Conjunctions
  • Interjections
  • Determiners
  • Modals and Auxiliaries
  • Phrases, Idioms, and Figures of Speech
  • Clauses and Conditionals
  • Simple, Compound, and Complex Sentences
  • Clauses and Conditionals
  • Active and Passive voice/ Direct and Reported Speech

Tenses:

  • Present Simple, Present Progressive, Present Perfect
  • Past Simple, Past Progressive, Past Perfect
  • Future Simple, Future Progressive, Future Perfect
  • Homophones, Homonyms, Homographs
  • Prefixes and Suffixes
  • Antonyms and Synonyms
  • Rhyming words
  • Compound word

Learning Creative communication and storytelling skills

  • Creative Speaking
  • Storytelling
  • Speeches
  • Personal essays
  • Poetry
  • Short fiction- short stories, blog pieces, etc.
  • Wring using picture/ word/ sentence prompts
  • Speculative/ Imaginative essays
  • Academic essays
  • Structuring events for narratives
  • Short plays

FOUNDATION

  • Sentence Development¬
  • Capitalization
  • Punctuation
  • Further Punctuation
  • Nouns and Verbs
  • Adjectives and Adverbs
  • Compound Words
  • Prefixes and Suffixes
  • Dictionary Surfing

INTERMEDIATE

  • Sentence Development
  • Capitalisation
  • Punctuation
  • More Punctuation
  • Fluency of Speech
  • Further Speech Development
  • Word Parts and Counterparts

HIGHER

  • Writing Basics
  • Using Phrases
  • Punctuation
  • Confusing Words
  • Ambiguity in English
  • Writing Techniques
  • Referencing Skills
  • Writing Formats
  • ¬

ADVANCED

  • Capitalisation and Punctuation
  • Nouns and Adjectives
  • Pronouns and Verbs
  • Gerunds, Participles and Infinitives
  • Creating Sentences
  • Critical Thinking
  • Writing Essentials